Epilepsy: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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Epilepsy is a condition caused by brain damage; the brain can be damaged through an accident, illnesses such as cerebral malaria and meningitis. There are two types of epilepsy; non-convulsive and convulsive. There’s a small percentage that one can get epilepsy through hereditary if it has been in the lineage of a family for a long time.  

Epilepsy is usually a lifelong condition, but most people with it are able to have normal lives if their seizures are well controlled. The condition can be managed through medication.

Most children with epilepsy are able to go to a mainstream school, take part in most activities and sports and get a job when they’re older. Individuals with the said illness may have to think about your epilepsy before doing things such as driving, certain jobs, swimming, using contraception and planning a pregnancy. Treatments include: medicines called anti-epileptic drugs – these are the main treatment, surgery to remove a small part of the brain that’s causing the seizures, a procedure to put a small electrical device inside the body that can help control seizures, a special diet (ketogenic diet) that can help control seizures. Some people need treatment for life. It is possible to stop treatment if your seizures disappear over time.

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