Early this year, the Federal Government of Somalia (FGS) deployed troops to Jubaland’s Gedo region, forcing thousands of families to flee fearing a possible bloody clashes between the forces allied to President Sheikh Madobe and those with the backing of Federal Government of Somalia (FGS).
These deployment set a precedence of violence, marking the beginning of insecurity and human rights abuses in the region which was once peaceful after being pacified of Al-Shabaab by AMISOM forces.
The decision by FGS to send SNA troops in the region was criticized by Somalia’s security, political experts and partners who termed the decision as ‘ill-timed’ and ‘ill-motivated,’ with many accusing Somalia’s President Abdullahi Mohamed Farmaajo of abuse of power especially after it also emerged that his government had earlier approved members of Ethiopian Military to freely operate with impunity in Gedo region, outside AMISOM’s mandate.
This further caused confusion making it difficult to pinpoint an accusing finger at any specific group behind the acts of violence.
In February 2020, the United States accused the Somalia government of diverting resources from agreed roadmap to security operations by deploying Somalia National Army troops to Jubaland.
Last week, several confusing reports emerged from Gedo region indicating harassments and extra-judicial killings. With the many troops operating within the region, it has been difficult to determine who the masterminds really were.
Federal Government of Somalia has yet to demonstrate its ability to effectively govern or provide security and basic services to the Somali people under its jurisdiction. To sustainably undermine the drivers of violent extremism, Somalis themselves must achieve an inclusive political settlement and establish the basis for a long and difficult process of social reconciliation, economic development, and participatory governance.